The Basics: What’s Medical
Cannabis and How is It Used

What It Is

Cannabis is a type of annual flowering plant cultivated all over the world. Its most recognized species are Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Anecdotally, sativa is associated with euphoria and heightened awareness, while indica is associated with pain relief and relaxation. Hybrids are a combination of both strains.


History

Cannabis has been used as a medicine for over 5000 years. Up until 1937, there were at least 2000 cannabis medicines and 280 manufacturers around the world. Then came its prohibition in the United States. Despite that, the next several decades saw a trickle of research showing positive effects on certain conditions. From the 1990’s onward the pace of research picked up, and legalization began. Medical cannabis is legal for use in treating various conditions in over 30 countries, as well as 33 American states. Recreational cannabis is legal in 10 of these states and two countries - Uruguay and Canada.


Use in Medical Treatment

Cannabinoids occur naturally in your body, along with cannabinoid receptors. They make up the Endocannabinoid System, which is involved with regulating appetite, sleep, pain, mood, memory, and much more. Medical cannabis is all about how its two most active ingredients – the cannabinoids THC and CBD – interact with your endocannabinoid system to affect the regulation of physical, emotional and mental functions.